Successful Genome mapping of First Pakistani

genome mapping

During my graduation the subject that always fascinates me was genetics and later on I enjoyed teaching it too. The genes present in the DNA of every individual are the expression of human life, determining each and every detail from hair color to the health risks possessed by a living being. It was interesting to study about the blood groups, hereditary diseases and human genome project.

At that time we just have an introduction to genome as it was a developing technology but due to its high cost it wasn’t that applicable. Fortunately now it is a reality that many countries have succeeded in mapping human genome which is a landmark achievement. It was due to Human genome project that we know there are approximately 30,000 genes in human beings and Understanding how these genes express themselves will provide clues to how diseases are caused.

Recently Pakistan has become the first Muslim country ranking 6th in the world to map the sequence of one of its nationals after the US, China, UK, Japan and India.

In just 10 months using a recently developed technology, Scientists at the Karachi University Dr Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine & Drug Research (PCMD) in collaboration with Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI), China, have jointly mapped genome of the first Pakistani man. The former chairman of the Higher Education Commission, renowned scientist and scholar Dr Attaur Rahman volunteered for the project.

The two member research team were comprised of PCMD’ Asst Prof Dr Kamran Azeem and BGI’s Dr Yang Zaung. The findings reveal that Pakistanis are more similar to Europeans than Chinese and Africans. However, Dr Rahman’s genome may not be the exact depiction of a Pakistani and facts may differ because of several ethnicities in the country. An average genome of Pakistan will be obtained by making a pool of all the characteristics, i.e., the differences and similarities of all the people living in the country but it will require huge funds.

The first Human genome mapping project completed in 2003, was a 13-year project coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health. The genome of the first American was mapped at a cost of six billion dollars while the genome mapping now in Pakistan costs $40,000 which was shared by China and Pakistan equally.

It is just like a first step towards the book of life of a nation which will later on help the scientist in improving diagnosis of diseases as well as tracking mutations.


6 thoughts on “Successful Genome mapping of First Pakistani”

  1. @Dr Khizar
    Agreed with u. HEC is trying to improve the situation during
    Dr Attaur Rehman’s tenure but things are not same now.
    Hope for the best.
    As far as Genetics for layman goes u probably know that it isn’t for a
    layman 🙂

  2. It is true that Pakistan is a talented country , Pakistanis are hard-working , intelligent and patriotic, but unfortunately, they do not get chances to go ahead. Pakistani government and politicians who are near to illiterate (Bachelor degree holders even can not be included in highly educated class) how would they encourage the talented ones. Usually the intelligent people are poor, they would never be given the chance for higher education or progress in life and do some thing marvelous for the nation. These Pakistanis when go abroad they show their talents that is recognized by the host country. The blog about genome mapping is a nice attempt but needs more elaboration the basic genetics to be well known by a lay man. I am myself a plant geneticist but have no much time to write. Thanks for giving latest achievement of a Pakistani.

  3. Pakistan has so much talent in it and it has all the need to grow as a successful nation. It is vital that we take care of the situation and fight the war against terrorism.

  4. Pakistan has a lot of talent and people are ready to hard work in the country. It is just that people have to get rid of corruption and they have to move on and think first for their country and then for themselves.

  5. Pakistan has much talent. It is only matter of fact that militancy if giving so much problem to the country so we need to get rid of this menace before anything else.

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