Jhang – Land of Heer

The city of Jhang was built in 1288 by Rai Sial with the advice of Hazrat Shah Jalal Bukhari (his peer). The first ruler of Jhang was Mal Khan in 1462. Sial tribe ruled this city for 360 years and the last ruler of the Sial Tribe was Ahmad Khan from 1812 to 1822 before the Sikhs took over. And from the rule of the Sikh, Jhang was taken over by the British.

Jhang is more famous for its people than for its products. The Jhangvis are hardy peasants, healthy, tall, strong and of whitish complexion. The people live in the plains and therefore are plain and straight-forward, broad minded, hospitable and progressive. Jhang is the centre of a purely agricultural based society. Agriculture is the chief source of income and employment in Jhang. About 85 percent of the Jhang’s cultivable land is irrigated. Wheat and cotton are the principal crops. Other crops grown include rice, sugarcane, corn (maize), oilseeds, fruits, and vegetables. Livestock and poultry are also raised in large numbers in district Jhang.

Jhang is characterised by extreme climate – the temperature is generally hot, with marked variations between summer and winter. The monsoon reaches the area exhausted and therefore the rainfall is quite meager. There is also occasional rain during the winters. The summer may be somehow discomforting, but for the greater part of the year the climate is ideal and invigorating. The best part of the year is from the middle of February to the middle of April, which is the spring in the Jhang. It is neither cold nor hot but simply pleasant and enjoyable. The entire district-side becomes a vast stretch of greenery. The mustard fields are covered with yellow flowers, trees put on new leaves, fruits begin to blossom and there are flowers every where.

Jhang is connected by road or railway to some main cities of the country. Multan Sargodha road passes through the centre of the city. It is on this road that I used to travel from Multan to come to Mandi Bahauddin during my long stay in Multan. And, that is when I got acquainted with the place.

Every time I passed through the city, I was reminded of Heer Ranjha – the story performed in the form of an opera as well as a ballet and sung by youth and vocalists. This is a part of our literature heritage. Heer was the daughter of a feudal landlord Chuchak Sial who lived in a village in the suburbs of Jhang. Before Heer’s sacrifice for Ranjha, she proved herself to be a very courageous and daring young girl. It is said that Sardar Noora from the Sambal clan, had a really beautiful boat made and appointed a boatman called Luddan. Noora was very ruthless with his employees. Due to the ill treatment one day Luddan ran away with the boat and begged Heer for refuge. Heer gave him moral support as well as shelter. Sardar Noora was enraged at this incident. He summoned his friends and set off to catch Luddan. Heer collected an army of her friends and confronted Sardar Noora. When Heer’s brothers learnt of this incident they told her, “If a mishap had befallen you why did not you send for us?” To which Heer replied, “What was the need to send for all of you? Emperor Akbar had not attacked us.” It is the same Heer who, when she in love with Ranjha, sacrifices her life for him and says, “Rangha Rangha kardi ni mein aape Rangha hoi, menu Heer na aakhe koi (Ranjha, Ranjha all time I myself have become Ranjha. No one should call me Heer, call me Dheedho Ranjha.)

Heer Ranjha is the most famous true love story of the South Asian history. Similar to Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet it tells a story of two lovers “Heer” and “Ranjah”; whose families were in conflict with one another and became separated for many years. Heer is known to have been an extremely beautiful woman with a wealthy father named “Chuchak.” Ranjha was the youngest of four brothers, all of which were married except him. In his late teens he set of to find work in a distant village where he found Chuchak who offered him a job to take care of his cattle. Having met Ranjha, Heer became mesmerised by the way he played the flute and eventually fell in love with him. They would meet each other secretly for many years until they were caught by her parents and found who Dido really was. Heer was married against her will to another man, while Ranjha was left broken hearted and left to walk the quiet villages on his own until eventually met Gorak, a Jogi (devoted believer in God). Having entering Gorak’s Tilla (Shrine), Dido could only see his departed lover and being emotionally scared he voluntarily became a Yogi. Reciting the name of the lord on his travels around the Punjab he found the village of “Kher” where he was reunited with his devoted lover. They both escaped and came back to Heer’s Village, where her parents agreed to their marriage and end the conflict between the two families. The marriage preparations went well but on the wedding day, Heer’s jealous uncle, “Kedoh” (who was a limp having been beaten by Ranjha’s brothers many years earlier) poisoned her so the wedding wouldn’t take place. Having heard the news Dido rushed to aid Heer but was too late as she died in his arms, but tragically becoming broken hearted once again, Dido also died holding Heer to his chest. Now only the poet’s poetry remains in everlasting remembrance for no one has written such a beautiful Heer as Waris Shah.

But there is no “romance” left in the sleepy and dusty district headquarters Jhang. Those who take chance through the rustic city have to muscle their way to the city through waves of Tongas, rickshaws, donkey and bullock carts and lines of vendors selling gandeerian. And that is the first taste (and smell) of the city. Jhang is so full of animal transport that its avenues are like roads of respiratory illness and fatal accidents. Over crowding, population increase, litter, power outages and water shortages have all played a part in turning small hamlet, founded by the Sials in early thirteenth century, into a teeming sprawling slum. Rai Sial would not be able to recognize the city if he comes back. A short walk in the city reveals the neglect of all concerned. First thing a city needs is a By Pass.

Lalamusa-Sargodha-Khanewal railway is a profitable rout that passes through Jhang. At present only one Peshawar-Karachi train – Chenab Express – runs on this route. It could be useful to introduce at least one more Peshawar-Karachi express train for passengers, agricultural products produced in the area. Moreover, this track is strategically important in case of any threat to Peshawar-Lahore-Karachi main railway track. In that case, Lalamusa-Sargodha-Khanewal rail route could take all the rail traffic.

22 Responses to Jhang – Land of Heer

  1. Vijay kinra January 14, 2018 at 6:34 pm #

    PL send me location of my great grand father native place village satiana distt jhang pak

  2. saadia sial July 26, 2011 at 4:42 pm #

    heer ranjha story is based on false.heer was very kind and religious lady.pleaze friends read the real story of sials.i also condemned the false story of heer,,

  3. GHULAM ABBAS July 20, 2011 at 12:35 pm #

    Jhang is very backward district in the Pakistan.There are the many
    problems in this city such as sanitation,sewerage system,low illiteracy
    rate and corrupt political agents..many political agents are not qualified
    persons so they can not solve the problems..I appeal to the GOVT
    please solved the Jhang problems.
    i like it Jhang.

  4. Arshad Iqbal May 4, 2011 at 11:50 am #

    I m very glad to read my home city history, specially Heer Ranjha a true love story summary, I also live in jhang, but now jobs in Lahore. I go home after 1 or 2 months.

  5. Vijay kinra faridabad April 30, 2011 at 10:00 pm #

    Iwant to have photo of my my father birth place wara suleman

  6. naresh sehgal March 27, 2011 at 9:14 pm #

    Dear all!Problems of Pakistan/India are almost same.I am pained to
    know poor sanitation and lack of planning of Jhang city.Corrupt
    poltician/govt official machinery nexus is to be blamed for not controlling
    haphazard growth .Some awakened citizen forum of Jhang
    must demand proper planned growth with wide roads,parks,sewage and functional
    rain water drainage system all over the city colonies/roads ,drinking
    water/electricity , govt hospital/dispensries , efficient city transport
    etc.We should give a decent future to our next generations not the filth
    and unhealthy living conditions.We can not go to uncivilized ,backward
    past.We have to give most decent future to our next generation.

  7. Vijay kinra faridabad March 27, 2011 at 11:59 am #

    Please help me to get location and how to see my father birth place wara suliman distt jhang and photo of villege

  8. Vijay kinra January 11, 2011 at 8:04 pm #

    I want to know village wara sulaman my father birth place how can i get fullinformation of village

  9. GULSHAN KUMAR November 7, 2010 at 8:55 pm #

    I also have wish to visit my ancestors native place Jhang at village wara sulaiman land of shri 1008 baba mula sant ji maharaj legend religious leader of gosain community but am not sure if it will be possible.best regards.Gulshan kumar

  10. naresh sehgal September 30, 2010 at 8:38 pm #

    I also have wish to visit my ancestors native place Jhang /Arifwala but am not sure if it will be possible.best regards.

  11. Dinesh Kumar September 30, 2010 at 11:02 am #

    Dear Qasim,
    Thanks for the information. Though my father could not visit but I have the wish to visit this place in this life. Wish you all the best.

  12. Qasim Raza Chadhar September 30, 2010 at 2:27 am #

    Dear Dinesh and naresh,

    You can visit wikipedia for jhang, chiniot, shorkot and sahiwal related topics also like article Jhang, Chiniot, Shorkot,Ahmed Pur Sial, Sheikhan,Shah Jiwana,Rajoa Sadar, etc. Also there is a website http://www.merajhang.com

    Youtube also have some videos from Jhang.

  13. Dinesh Kumar September 28, 2010 at 5:32 pm #

    My father shifted to India after Pakistan and had a great attachment for Jhang. But he could not visit the place and died in 2007. I love and wish good luck to Jhang people.

  14. naresh sehgal September 11, 2010 at 9:18 pm #

    Dear moderator.Families of my parent (father /mother) were uprooted from JHANG after partition.
    At the age of 61 I want to know about Chiniot (my mother’s native ) and Haveli Mohangir ,Tehsil Shorkot (my father’s native).I shall be thankful if you inform me about Mandi Arifwala Distt Montogomery where my grandfather settled later on as a grain merchant.
    Because of psychological/emotional shock of partition violence /blood shed I could never get any information about cultural origin origin of my family.I shall be thankful if you will send me some information about history/current progress /cultural activities etc.
    best regards

  15. ahsan samor August 25, 2010 at 2:46 pm #

    I Love Jhang Because it is my own City and I was Born in jhang and i was Study in jhang and Now I m Serving the People of Jhang By join vet.dr District Jhang.

  16. Qasim Raza Chadhar July 9, 2010 at 3:46 am #

    Sial is of punjabi stock are not Baloch but are Agni Kul Rajputs.

    Unj tan Des Punjab de sare shahar ne Bakamal

    Jhang apni aap misal, Jhang apni aap misal

    Tarz takalum inhan da sohna nakhra tora hai man mohna

    Mele de vich jhumran pawen banh ke paggan nal jhang apni aap misal

    Jhang the land of Chadhars and Sials

  17. wasim Khan abloch June 9, 2010 at 2:44 pm #

    Salam to all popple of jhang. I love my city and always
    pray for city success . waseem khan Baloch Jhang

  18. Faisal Naleraq May 15, 2009 at 3:56 pm #

    Great, Sir, Sherazi………..
    How are you………

  19. Faisal Abbas Bhutta Jhang February 16, 2009 at 4:28 pm #

    I Love Jhang Because it is my own City and I was Born in jhang and i was Study in jhang and Now I m Serving the People of Jhang By join Punjab Police District Jhang.

  20. NADEEM AKHTAR LOONA CHADHAR July 22, 2008 at 3:18 pm #


  21. Waqas Sial November 23, 2007 at 9:02 pm #

    Sial is a baloch tribe located at DMJamali Distt, Bolan , Jaffarabad Distt……………

  22. khalid asim March 22, 2007 at 11:27 am #

    salam dostoy,
    i want to know about a poet of jhang shar afzal jafiry s’ (bhab pari) ,can u help me , if u can and want to do this , i will be very thank ful to u
    khalid asim

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