The word used to refer to whether a person is Syed, Sheikh, Pathan etc is ‘zaat’, which literally translates as caste. How does ‘zaat’ translate as biradari or qaum?
Are these words thrown around to differentiate or to show others as inferior? The biradaris/qaums are in order of superiority. If they are only meant to differentiate, why are they in order of superiority?
One of our neighbors were Sheikhs but since their last name was Ansari, people thought that they were of Ansari biradari/qaum/caste. Their daughter was a doctor, beautiful and well-mannered, but the poor girl got married after the age of 30. Even if she was Ansari, is being Ansari a crime?
The discussion is whether there are castes among Muslims, not whether there are castes in Islam. There are no castes in Islam.
I am what would be labeled a Sheikh, but I don’t see myself as superior to Mughals, Pathans etc, and I don’t see why Syeds are better than me.
It is the actions of a person that determine whether he is better or worse, not some senseless and useless labeling of biradaris, qaums and castes.